Mosquitoes are insects that are responsible for the transmission of many diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, Chikugunya and Japanese Encephalitis. Only female mosquitoes suck blood. Male mosquitoes feed on the nectar of flowers.
The three common group of mosquitoes are Culex, Aedes & Anopheles.
Culex mosquito is light brown in color and bites in the middle of the night. These mosquitoes breed in organically-polluted water such as in drains choked with litters. They are known to transmit diseases such as Filariasis or Elephantiasis and Japanese Encephalitis. Their midnight biting habit are considered major nuisance by human.
Aedes mosquito is a known vector of dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever and Chikugunya. Typically, it is black with white spots and stripes on its body and legs. The Aedes mosquito biting active time is at dawn and dusk of the day. It breeds in household containers such as flower vases, plates, beneath plant pots, water storage jars or pails where clean water is present. Outdoors, it breeds in roof gutters, tree holes, and discarded containers on the grounds when these collect rain water.
Anopheles mosquito is the most important vector of malaria. Typically, it has white or rusty-red spots on its wings. It bites during the night. The Anopheles mosquito breeds mainly in ground seepage, streams, ponds and swampy areas. Due of their transmitting ability of malaria disease, controlling them is very important. Normally found in places like the outskirt of the cities and in native settlements.