Cockroaches are insects that are commonly found in houses and food outlets. They prefer warm, dark and moist conditions found within buildings. They feed on things from human food to leftovers/food debris found on the floor. Cockroaches also carry bacteria on their body that can be potentially harmful to humans. They are also linked to allergic reactions in humans.
Some of the important cockroach species are :
American Cockroaches are large in size and are red-brown, 3-4 cm long. We see them most often around our homes, in cabinets, bin chutes, sewers and garbage dumps. They feed on a variety of food, decaying organic matter is preferred. They also feed on book bindings, manuscripts, clothing, or paper etc. Syrup and other sweets are also attractive to them.
German Cockroaches are small, 1-2 cm long. It is amber-brown and are weak fliers. It likes warm and damp environment and is found in restaurants, hotels, buses, grocery stores and other sites where food is stored, prepared and in food serving areas. They can be carried from place to place, in bagged potatoes and onions, beverage cartons, grocery bags and the folds of clothing etc. The German cockroach is a general feeder but is particularly attracted to fermented foods and beverage residues (e.g., beers spills).
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